Prof. Aki Lehtinen
Nankai University, China
Research Areas: Philosophy of science, scientific modelling
Brief: Aki Lehtinen is a philosopher who has a background in social choice theory, theory of voting, game theory, and ethics in economics. His more recent work involves philosophy of science, especially scientific modelling and simulation, as well as philosophy of economics and of climate science. He is currently working on robustness and generalization in modelling, meta-regression, simulated data, and fictions in the epistemology of modelling.
Speech Title: Simulated data in empirical science
Abstract: The discussion in this paper concerns the epistemic issues modelers face when they generate simulated data to solve problems with existing empirical datasets, research tools, or experiments. We argue that to count as epistemically justified and evidentially relevant, a simulation model does not have to mimic the target system or a data generating process. Simulated data may successfully mimic the target system even if the model does not. We argue that the epistemic evaluation of simulated data should start with recognizing different mimicking relations. We provide definitions of simulation and of simulated data that allow for accommodating some Monte Carlo models. Monte Carlo modelling counts as simulation if one relaxes the requirement that a computational model must mimic something: it is sufficient if the data produced by the model mimic something.
Prof. Jacob Dahl Rendtorff
Department of Society and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark
Research Areas: Management, Leadership, Business Ethics
Speech Title: Responsibility and Ethical Principles for The Future of Humanity
Abstract: In this paper I would like to show the importance of the concept of responsibility as the foundation of ethics and ethical principles in particular in the fields of politics and economics in the modern civilisation marked by globalization and technological progres. I consider the concept of responsibility as the key notion in order to understand the ethical duty in a modern technological civilisation. We can indeed observe a moralization of the concept of responsibility going beyond a strict legal definition in terms of imputability. The paper begins by discussing the humanistic foundations of such a concept of responsibility. It treats the historical origins of responsibility and it relates this concept to the concept of accountability. On the basis of this historical determination of the concept I would like to present the definition of the concept of responsibility as fundamental ethical principle that has increasing importance as the foundation of the principles of governance in modern welfare states. This is the basis for protection of other ethical principles of autonomy, dignity, integrity and responsibility. In this context the paper discusses the extension of the concept of responsibility towards institutional or corporate responsibility where responsibility does not only concerns the responsibility of individuals but also deals with the responsibility of institutional collectivities.
In this way the paper is based on the following structure:
1) The ethical foundation of the concept of responsibility
2) Responsibility in technological civilisation
3) Political responsibility for good governance in the welfare state
4) Social responsibility of business corporations in times of globalization
5) Conclusion and discussion: changed conditions of responsibility in modern times.
Prof. Zulqarnain Baloch
Kunming University of Science and technology, China
Research Areas: Environmental Biology, Microbiology, Nutrition, Chinese medicine
Speech Title: One health: Alleviate the social crisis caused by antibiotic abuse
Abstract: Abuse of antibiotic is a growing public health concern worldwide, and it is now regarded as a critical One Health issue. The advent of multidrug resistance among pathogenic bacteria is imperiling the worth of antibiotics, which have previously transformed medical science. The crisis of antimicrobial resistance has been ascribed to the misuse of these agents and due to unavailability of newer drugs attributable to exigent regulatory requirements and reduced financial inducements. As a result, addressing abuse of antibiotic through the One Health approach makes sense. Comprehensive efforts are needed to minimize the pace of resistance by studying emergent micro-organisms, resistance mechanisms, and antimicrobial agents. Multidisciplinary approaches are required across health care settings as well as environment and agriculture sectors. Several countries have implemented national action plans based on the One Health approach to combat antibiotic-resistant microbes, following the Tripartite's Commitment Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) - World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Abuse of antibiotic has been identified as a global health concern, and efforts are being made to mitigate this global health threat. To summarize, global interdisciplinary and unified approaches based on One Health principles are required to limit the abuse of antibiotic, raise awareness and education about antibiotic use, and promote policy, advocacy, and antimicrobial stewardship.
A. Prof. Adeel Luqman
Shenzhen University, China
Research Areas: IT-related addictions, Physiological effects of IT use, Deceptive computer-mediated communication
Brief introduction: Adeel Luqman is currently working as a Associate Professor/researcher in Shenzhen Univerisity China. He had worked in The Islamia Univetsity of Bawhalpur.and Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan. He has more than 10 years of experience in teaching the subjects such as research method and Management through online courses, and industrial trainings. In his previous job he also had many experiences in conducting training sessions on topics such as research skills, Research Ethics (Statistical methods), Quality management. Currently his research interest is in information management and dark side of social media. My areas of interest are organizational behavior, ESM and Information Management.
Speech Title: Impact of unethical leadership at individual and organizational level: consequences and implications
Abstract: The academic literature on unethical leadership is increasing, possibly given the seriousness of unethical behavior in organizations, which is reflected in the increasing number of corporate frauds and scandals in the contemporary business environment. Despite recent increases, academic interest in the field is generally low due to the proliferation of concepts that are often mistakenly considered interchangeable. Nonetheless, the pace of academic research in this area has accelerated, and this deserves a critical appraisal of existing research on unethical leadership. The current research will provide a body of existing work on unethical leadership and a strong and multilevel understanding of academic developments in the field. The current study also advances the multi - level conceptualization of unethical leadership, which combines macro, meso, and micro perspectives to provide a nuanced understanding of the phenomenon. The study also sheds light on key knowledge gaps in the literature that may broaden the horizons of unethical leadership research. Finally, the study disussed implication for practice and research and potential stratgies to mitigate the ethical problem attributed with unethical leadership.